December 2005
The Search for Truth - justice after genocide

Genocide, in all its shapes and forms, has been all too common in human history. And its perpetrators have usually gone free to enjoy a wealthy retirement. But in some countries, the calls for justice are slowly being answered. International institutions such as the International Criminal Court are also beginning to call to account the dictators that previously enjoyed impunity. This month NI looks at these new attempts to bring to justice those responsible for crimes against humanity.


NI

No.385

Contents

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2 Crime & punishment
How do nations recover from trauma? Wayne Ellwood reports on the emerging global justice system.

6 Eyes wide shut
Darfur, Sudan, through the eyes of children who've fled the conflict.

7 Whose truth?
Mark Freeman explains what truth commissions can and cannot do.

8 A memory of Paine
Memorials keep the Chilean past alive for Carmen Rodríguez.

9 His time will come
George Bush's, that is.

10 House of horror
In Buenos Aires, Tomás Bril Mascarenhas meets a young man who's discovered a secret - about himself.

12 Battle for the truth
Conflicted history in Armenia, Cambodia, Guatemala, East Timor and Japan.

15 Mothers' courage
Irham Ceco talks to the courageous women of Srebrenica.

16 Trial and error
In Rwanda, thousands of accused killers await justice. Fawzia Sheikh looks at community alternatives.

18 Truth and fantasy
Mark Engler accuses the US of twisting El Salvador's history to suit its foreign policy interests in Iraq.

20 Challenging impunity
The International Criminal Court may not be perfect, argues Noah Novogrodsky. But it's a good start.

22 Currents
Carbon trading's impact on a South African suburb; persecution of a pro-Palestinian Israeli; Grenada's revolutionary fair trade chocolate.
PLUS: Wordpower - the language of Iraq.
PLUS: Speechmarks and Seriously

25 Worldbeaters
One-time novelist, journalist and human rights expert, Michael Ignatieff is now at Harvard, endorsing torture and imperial tough love - and pondering a run for Canadian political power.

26 Mixed Media
MUSIC, BOOKS, FILM review

28 Southern Exposure
A portrait of polio-afflicted 10-year-old Poonam, by Indian photographer Amit Bhargava.

29 View from Lagos
Nigerian President Olusegun Obasanjo is clamping down on corruption. So why are ordinary Nigerians less than enthusiastic? Ike Oguine explains.

30 Essay: Brixton blues
Paul Bakelite rails against the dark arts of gentrification.

32 Big Bad World
George Orwell leaves his mark on Polyps latest cartoon'.
PLUS: NI Prize Crossword

33 Making Waves
Debra Harry and the Indigenous Peoples Council on Biocolonialism

34 Letters

36 Country Profile - Afghanistan

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NI-Japan

No.73

Contents

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<This month's article>
-Translation of "Crime & punishment" (NI p2-5)

-Translation of "Battle for the truth" (NI p12-14)

<Reporting from Japan: Contact Points>
Organizations work on Nanjin Massacre, Japan-China friendship and
Ainu people.

<Country Profile>
-Translation of "Country Profile - Afghanistan" (NI p36)



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