September 2013
2013年9月号
(英語版)

Pirates! - The arrgh-ther side of the story

アフリカの海賊の真実

 

Since 2008, piracy has exploded, particularly in Somalia, but also in new sites off West Africa. The next issue of New Internationalist takes a look at the phenomenon as experienced by seafarers, fishers, tuna fish and the pirate rank-and-file.

Who are the Somali pirates? How did a few thousand ill-equipped men managed to cost the global economy a purported $18 billion? And what is the world missing by casting Somalia as a failed state with pirate villains?

World powers have unleashed a massive naval response to ward off the sea bandits. But at what cost? With unaccountable private armed guards flooding the oceans and the death toll of innocent fishers rising, we take a critical look at counter-piracy efforts to protect global trade.

Writers also delve into the rights of victims of piracy - primarily Indonesian and Filipino seafarers - in a notoriously cut-throat shipping industry.

And we report on the rise of 'petro-piracy' in West Africa's Gulf of Guinea, as Nigerian militants take oil theft on to the high seas.


2008年以来、海賊事件が激増している。それは特にソマリア付近が多いが、西アフリカでも新たな頻発地域が現れている。来月のNIでは、船乗りや漁師も犠牲になっているこの問題を探る。

ソマリアの海賊とは誰なのか? それほど高度な装備を備えたわけでもないたった数百人の人間が、どのようにして180億ドルもの影響をグローバル経済に与えているのか? 崩壊した海賊の国という悪者のレッテルをソマリアに貼ることで、世界は何を見落としているのだろうか?

海賊を追い払うため、世界の大国は大規模な海軍力で対応している。しかしそれは代償をともなう行為である。何の責任も負わない民間武装警備員が大量に投入され、無実の漁師の死者数が増加している。このような状況の中NIでは、グローバルな貿易を守るための海賊対策を注意深く検証する。

そして、激烈な競争で知られる海運業界で、海賊の犠牲となっている主にインドネシア人とフィリピン人の権利についても考える。

また、ナイジェリアの武装勢力が、西アフリカのギニア湾の公海上で原油を盗む「原油海賊」についても報告する。

 

NI

No.465

Contents

目次

 

Agenda
Stories making the news this month
06 Unsporting evictions in Brazil
06 Deported without your kids
07 Women vs the army in Kashmir
07 Introducing Hassan Rouhani
07 Austerity angst in Britain
8 Working like a horse
8 Constitutional concerns in Japan
9 Chile's 9/11
9 Bullies beware
PLUS: Scratchy Lines by
Simon Kneebone, and Reasons to be Cheerful.


Mixed Media
32 Music reviews
Black Birds Are Dancing Over Me by Danny Michel with the Garifuna Collective; and Dalmak by Esmerine.

33 Film reviews
Call Girl, directed by Mikael Marcimain; and Foxfire, directed by Laurent Cantet.

34 Book reviews
Another America by James Ciment; Antifragile by Nassim Nicholas Taleb; An
Uncertain Glory by Jean Dreze and Amartya Sen; Needle in a Haystack by Ernesto Mallo; and A Crack in the Wall by Claudia Pineiro.
PLUS: Also out there...


The Big Story
Pirates!
10 Empire strikes back
Hazel Healy looks at where counter-piracy is going wrong.

14 Piracy – THE FACTS

15 A pirate’s life for me
Jatin Dua investigates the ever-blurry line between protector and pirate in coastal Somalia.

18 Falling out with the locals
Pirates in Somalia hastened their own demise by alienating communities with their anti-social behaviour, journalist Jamal Osman tells Hazel Healy.

19 In the firing line
Piracy is just one in a long list of problems facing seafarers in a cutthroat shipping industry, reports Olivia Swift.

22 Pirate Primer
An illustrated guide to buccaneers, corsairs and privateers through the ages, from Peter Willis.

24 Outgunned
Dayo Aiyetan and Theophilus Abbah offer a West African take on piracy in the Gulf of Guinea.

Regular Features
4 Letters
The debt juggernaut; maximum wages; and stop being mean to vultures.
5 Letter from Botswana
Dining by candlelight is not always a matter of choice, as Wame Molefhe discovers.
26 Country Profile: China
38 And Finally Afghan MP Fawzia Koofi wants women to get out of their traditional closet.


Features
28 Europe points the finger of blame
Migrants have become the scapegoats in financially straitened times, reports Amy Hall.

30 Worth their salt
Matthew Newsome meets a social entrepreneur helping India’s salt-workers out of the poverty trap.

36 A toilet makes the difference
Girls in Somalia now have a better chance of completing their education. Katharina Wecker explains.


Opinion
37 Steve Parry Comedians take on the clowns.
PLUS: Polyp’s Big Bad World cartoon.







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