October 2013
2013年10月号
(英語版)

Where have all the girls gone?

なぜ人々は子殺しまでして娘より息子が欲しいのか

 

It's a man's world - and becoming more so every day. Latest UN estimates show that 117 million females are missing - due to a combination of female infanticide after birth and sex selective abortion. This isn't just a demographic oddity - it's a social and global disaster.

The October issue of New Internationalist looks at why so many of the world's parents are opting to have sons. What are the consequences for girls - and society as a whole? In a few years'time there will be 30 million more Chinese men of marriageable age than women. A similar situation is developing in India, where there are already signs of increasing rape and abduction of girls and young women.

The phenomenon is not just an Asian one - in parts of Europe and North America, too, the trend is developing as technology makes it easier than ever to choose your child's sex.

What can be done to get the sex ratio back to normal? To ensure that girls are not only allowed - but welcomed into this world?


現代は男の時代である。そしてその傾向は強まっている。国連の最新の推測では、新生児殺害と中絶により、この世に存在するはずの1億1,700万人の女性が「行方不明」になっているとのことだ。これは単に人口統計上の異常事態ではなく、社会的、そして地球規模で考えても大惨事である。

今月のNIでは、世界で多くの親が息子を欲しがる理由を探る。このような傾向によって、少女たちに、そして社会に対して、どんな影響があるのだろうか?

例えば中国。数年後には、結婚適齢期に達する男性の数は、女性より3,000万人多くなるだろう。また、すでに少女や若い女性の強かんや誘拐が増加の兆しを見せているインドでも、似たような状況が出現しつつある。

ただ、この現象はアジア特有のものではなく、ヨーロッパや北米の一部でも見られる。技術的進歩により子どもの売買春は、かつてないほど簡単なものになっているのだ。

どうすれば男女比を正常に戻すことができるのだろうか? 娘が歓迎される世界を作るには、どうすればよいのだろうか?

 

NI

No.466

Contents

目次

 

Agenda
Stories making the news this month
6 Rise of the killer robots
6 Yasuni in peril
7 Immigration untruths
7 Introducing Tsakhiagiin Elbegdorj
7 Fair enough?
8 Muslim activists defy state power
8 What kind of peace?
9 Digital discrimination
9 Congo Calling
PLUS: Scratchy Lines by
Simon Kneebone, and Reasons to be Cheerful..


Mixed Media
32 Music reviews
Denfila by Donso; Places of Worship by Arve Henriksen.

33 Film reviews
Hannah Arendt, directed by Margarethe von Trotta; InRealLife, directed by Beeban Kidron.

34 Book reviews
The Village Against the World by Dan Hancox; Betrayal by Adriaan Van Dis; Pink Sari Revolution by Amana Fontanella-Khan; and Narcoland by Anabel Hernandez.
PLUS: Also out there...



The Big Story
The scandal of sex selection
10 Girls not allowed
Prenatal sex selection is an unfolding tragedy.
Vanessa Baird assesses the damage done - both personal and global.

15 The girls are back in town
How South Korea got back to normal.

16 Missing girls - THE FACTS

18 Only the best... it has to be a boy
Rajashri Dasgupta explodes a few myths about educated middle-class women in India.

20 Keeping Prerna
Daily-wage earner Kajri is defying her husband to save her daughter. She confided in Ankita Balloh.

21 Patriarchs flex their muscles
Onnik Krikorian on the anti-abortion response to Georgia's skewed sex ratios.

22 Daughters are more caring
Is China changing its mind about sex? Clarissa Sebag-
Montefiore reports from Beijing.

24 Blue Dragon to the rescue
Two Vietnamese girls are rescued from Chinese brothels. Phillip Martin accompanied them on their journey home.

Regular Features
4 Letters
Menstruation - an invisible topic; mega-greed; and what about religious minorities?
5 Letter from Botswana
If 'patriotism' means exclusion of others, Wame Molefhe wants no part of it.
26 Country Profile: Zimbabwe
36 Making Waves
Nigel Wilson meets Maha Alasil, an ordinary woman going to extraordinary lengths to help Syrian refugees in Jordan.
38 And Finally
Malian singer-songwriter Rokia Traore talks to Graeme Green about being
an 'Afro-progressive' and how politics informs her music.


Features
28 Keeping the peace
Brennan O'Connor visits Burma, where religious persecution of Muslims is being challenged by grassroots initiatives.


Opinion
31 Chris Coltrane Racists, go home.
PLUS: Polyp's Big Bad World cartoon.
37 Mark Engler There's always money for war.







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