November 2013
2013年11月号
(英語版)

We are able

障がい者にとっての障害とは何か


 

The language of disability is a political nightmare. Is it something you 'have', 'suffer from' or 'were born with'? Are you 'different', 'special' or exactly the same as everyone else?

The guest editor of November's New Internationalist, Jody McIntyre, dispenses with linguistic dilemmas to explore difference and defiance, in a personal and confrontational attack on the notion of 'dis-ability'.

He describes his own successful struggles to play football as a child, and, more recently, climb Peru's Macchu Picchu, as a battle as much against 'able-bodied' people's perceptions as his cerebral palsy.

Elsewhere in the magazine, Maysoon Zayid gives an appraisal of attitudes to disability in Palestine, the comedienne Francesca Martinez talks about growing up wobbly and newly trained citizen reporter - and double-amputee - from Sierra Leone Patrick Lahai tells his story. Some people would call these journalists 'disabled', but after reading the issue, you'll be laughing at the very thought.

Finally, Luke Dale-Harris sheds light on human rights abuses in government-run care centres and challenges longstanding prejudices in modern Romania.


身体障害(disability)に言及するとき、その言葉にはデリケートな部分がある。例えばそれは、困難に「直面」しているということなのか、あるいは「天性」のものなのか。さらには、身体障がい者とは「異なっている」人々、あるいは「特別」な人々なのか、それとも他の人々となんら変わりのない人々なのか?

11月号のゲスト編集長のジョディー・マッキンタイアは、個人的経験の中で「disability」(訳注:disabilityには能力が欠けているという意味もある)の概念に挑戦し、ジレンマなしで違いや軽蔑について探っている。

彼は子ども時代にサッカーをし、最近ではペルーのマチュピチュ(訳注:世界遺産に指定されている標高2280メートルにある都市遺跡)に登った。彼は、そんな彼自身の成功した困難な取り組みについて、「健常者」の持つ認識への闘いだと説明する。その闘いは、彼自身の脳性麻痺との闘いと同じくらい力のこもったものである。

今号では、メイスーン・ザイードがパレスチナの障がい者の取り組みを報告し、フランチェスカ・マルチネスが不安定な子ども時代からコメディアンで成功した軌跡について語る。そして、両手を失ったシエラレオネのパトリック・ラハイイは、彼自身の過去を振り返った。これらの人々について、「能力を欠いた」人々だと言う人もいるかもしれないが、今月号を読めばそんな考えは吹き飛んでしまうだろう。

最後にルーク・デール=ハリスが、近年のルーマニアの国営ケアセンターでの人権侵害行為と以前から続く差別に焦点を当てる。

 

NI

No.467

Contents

目次

 

Agenda
Stories making the news this month
6 Eyes peeled on Vedanta
6 Ending the book hunger
7 Hair thieves on the prowl
7 Introducing Tony Abbott
7 Cyber-dissidents jailed
8 Tierra y libertad
8 Tax haven stand-off
9 Challenge to Walmart
9 Climate set-to
PLUS: Scratchy Lines by cartoonist Simon Kneebone and Reasons to be Cheerful.


Mixed Media
32 Music reviews
Vari-Colored Songs: A Tribute to Langston Hughes, by Leyla McCalla; Mortissa by Cigdem Aslan.

33 Film reviews
The Selfish Giant, directed by Clio Barnard; Gloria, directed by Sebastian Lelio.

34 Book reviews
Helium by Jaspreet Singh; Snake Dance by Patrick Marnham; The Orchard of Lost Souls by Nadifa Mohamed; and The Frackers by Gregory Zuckerman.
PLUS: Also out there…



The Big Story
Disability
10 Rolling towards progress
Jody Mcintyre takes the notion of disability to task with a personal exploration of difference and defiance.

14 Out of the ruins of the Rana Plaza
Photographer Suvra Kanti Das meets survivors of the garment factory collapse in Dhaka.

16 Why does abuse persist in Romania?
Luke Dale-Harris reports on the ongoing battle to improve the rights of disabled people locked away in secretive Romanian institutions.

18 Disability – THE FACTS

20 From hero to zero
Maysoon Zayid explores the challenges facing those disabled by war, occupation and prejudice.

22 Nobody is 'normal'
Jody Mcintyre speaks to comedienne Francesca Martinez about growing up 'wobbly' and resisting austerity in Britain.

24 In our own words
Citizen journalists Sheku Feika and Anoop Kumar tell the remarkable tales of three disabled young people from Sierra Leone and India.


Regular Features
4 Letters

Western responsibility for sex-selective abortion; making war on any pretext.
PLUS: I'm a New Internationalist.

5 Letter from Botswana
It’s time for the nation to shake off its lethargy, says Wame Molefhe.

26 Country Profile: Bolivia

38 And Finally
Investigative journalist and filmmaker John Pilger tells Hazel Healy about his new film, and explains why Australia is still on an international 'shame list'.



Features
28 'Everybody preferred children'
Combating child prostitution in Brazil is more urgent than ever - especially with the expected influx of foreign tourists for the 2014 World Cup, writes Olivia Crellin.

30 Desperate measures
Why Bangladeshis are selling the only asset they have - their organs. By Sophie Cousins.


Opinion
36 Steve Parry

Mandela, my hero!
PLUS: Polyp's Big Bad World cartoon.

37 Mark Engler
Even if you have nothing to hide.








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