December 2013
2013年12月号
(英語版)

Fracking - The gathering storm

新たな石油・ガス採掘技術、フラッキングが引き起こしている問題


 

Fracking for oil and gas has become smoking hot. With new technologies developed in the late 1990s opening the gates, there has been a rush of speculators and fossil fuel corporations leading politicians by the nose in a new race to burn yet more carbon.

Politicians may dream of energy security and the promise of employment generation. Yet for communities affected by fracking the picture is very different - the industrialization of their environment; pollution of water, land and air; the pitting of neighbour against neighbour. It's no wonder that as the fracking boom goes global, there is rising resistance and protest at every proposed site.

Next month's edition of New Internationalist dispels the smokescreen of misleading claims put forward by industry proponents and questions the secrecy surrounding much of the practice.

In the wake of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change's most shocking report yet on the future being created by our fossil fuel addiction, we explore how frackmania is hindering progress on developing renewables. This explosive issue has already united climate change activists; we see how the resistance is spreading much further afield.

石油やガスのフラッキング(fracking水圧破砕法)がホットな話題となっている。1900年代後半に開発された新技術が道を開くとともに、政治家たちは投機家と化石燃料企業に導かれ、炭素排出量をさらに増やす新たな競争に首を突っ込みだした。

政治家たちは、エネルギー安全保障と雇用創出を期待しているのかもしれない。しかし、フラッキングによって影響を受ける地域の人々は、住環境が産業化され、水や土地や大気が汚染され、住民の対立が起こるといった、政治家たちとは大きく異なる状況を思い浮かべている。世界にフラッキングのブームが広がるにつれ、フラッキング予定地で抵抗や抗議が起こっていることは不思議ではない。

今月のNew Internationalistでは、産業界支持者が唱えるまぎらわしい主張による偽装を取り払い、現場を取り巻く秘密主義を問い詰める。

私たちの化石燃料中毒がもたらす未来について、「気候変動に関する政府間パネル(IPCC)」が最も衝撃的な報告を出そうかというこの時期に、フラッキング・マニアがいかにして再生可能な手段の発展を邪魔しているのかについて探っていく。この一触即発の問題によって、活動家たちはすでに団結しており、抵抗がどのようにして現場からずっと広い範囲に広がっているのかについても報告する。

 

NI

No.468

Contents

目次

 

Agenda
Stories making the news this month
6 Settling old scores in Sri Lanka
6 Greece's boss-free factory
6 15 years ago... in New Internationalist
7 Re-introducing Ilham Aliyev
7 Restrictions up in smoke
7 Sinking homeland
8 Cellphone justice for sterilized women
8 Stuck in the middle in Gilgit-Baltistan
9 Iraq's forgotten refugees
9 Sperm jailbreak in the West Bank
PLUS: Scratchy Lines by cartoonist Simon Kneebone and Reasons to be Cheerful.


Mixed Media
30 Film reviews
The Patience Stone co-written and directed by Atiq Rahimi;
Utopia written and co-directed by John Pilger.

31 Music reviews
Quarter to Six by The Idan Raichel Project; The Secret Sounds of Savamala by Howlround.

32 Book reviews
The Party Forever by Rowan Callick; The Sky Wept Fire by Mikail Eldin; Madam Atatürk by Ipek Calislar; Bolivia: Processes of change by John Crabtree and Ann Chaplin.
PLUS: Also out there...



The Big Story
Fracking
10 The frack files
Our 13 page lowdown on fracking and why communities around the world are so against it. The myths, the science, the history, the empty promises, the facts – all in this handy primer written by environmental researcher Danny Chivers.Includes What The Frack...? The fracking process explained visually.

23 'We cannot have democracy without freedom from fossil fuels'
Interview with Gasland director Josh Fox.

24 The people's campaign
Reports on the fightback from Argentina, Australia and South Africa.
Regular Features
4 Letters
Changing aid; the significance of the red cross; and where does resistance come
from?
PLUS: I'm a New Internationalist.

5 Letter from Botswana
What is the accommodation between tradition and modernity, wonders
Wame Molefhe.

27 Making Waves
Dean Peacock, the director of Sonke Gender Justice Network, is determined
to engage men and boys in women's rights. By Janey Stephenson.

28 Country Profile: Central African Republic

38 And Finally
Palestinian actor Saleh Bakri tells Frank Barat why fame will not change
him – or his passion for justice for his people
.


Features
34 The end of the line
Indian railway stations are a magnet for impoverished children looking for a better future. What usually awaits them is abuse and exploitation. Terina Keene on an initiative helping them find a way out.


Opinion
37 Chris Coltrane
Success should be measured in chocolate-chip muffins.
PLUS: Poly's Big Bad World cartoon.









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