April 2016
2016年4月号
(英語版)


Saving the world's forests
世界の森林を守れ

From the Amazon to the northern boreal the world's last majestic stands of unbroken forest are under threat. The causes are clear: logging, booming cash crops like soy and palm oil, cattle ranching, urbanization, oil exploration and mining. But millions of people depend on forests for their livelihoods and forests are vast warehouses of biodiversity. Trees are also on the front line in the fight against climate change: storing carbon, pumping oxygen, regulating rainfall, moderating temperatures, purifying our air and water. People need trees and so does the planet. In a primal sense forests are us: it's urgent we save them.

アマゾンから北方林(*)まで、手つかずの気高い最後の森林が脅威にさらされている。その原因は、木材の利用、大豆やパーム油といった換金作物のブーム、大規模牧場、都市化、石油、鉱山など、明白である。しかし、多くの人々が森林に依存した生活をおくり、森林は生物多様性の宝庫でもある。また樹木は、気候変動との闘いの最前線に立っている。その役割は、炭素の固定(取り込み)、酸素の供給、降雨の調整、気温の調整、大気と水の浄化などだ。人間だけでなく、地球にとっても樹木は欠かせない。根本的に考えれば、森林は私たちそのものである。森林を保護しなければならない。差し迫った状況になっている。
 *おおよそ北緯45~70度に存在する森林で、タイガ、亜寒帯林と呼ぶこともある。

NI

No.491

Contents

目次

 

Agenda
Stories making the news this month
6 Upping the ante aero in South Korea
6 Finland's animal wrongs
7 A cleaner cup of tea in India
7 Introducing Caterina Martins
7 'AIDs epidemic' risk in the Philippines
8 Palestinians run for their lives
8 Georgia's big bad hydro
9 Tar sands pipeline owners to sue US government
9 Smart Iranians dodge morality police
PLUS: Scratchy Lines by cartoonist Simon Kneebone and Reasons to be Cheerful.


The Big Story - The assault on global forests

10 Last stand
The world's last great woodlands are fast disappearing - with untold consequences for the environment and for us. Time to stop the destruction, argues Wayne Ellwood.
メイン記事(日本語)を読む

14 A burning problem
Nithin Coca reports from Indonesia on the expansion of oil palm plantations in the rainforests of Sumatra.

16 Forest bathing
Escaping the pressures of modern life in Japan. By Tina Burrett and Christopher Simons.

18 Certified nonsense
Sustainable forestry may be an oxymoron. Chris Lang finds some holes in the system.

20 Forest facts

22 Logging louts
Forest communities are under siege in Cambodia, says Fran Lambrick.

24 Green machines
Diana Beresford-Kroeger unveils the hidden biochemistry of trees.

Opinion
28 Essay: The demoralized mind by John F Schumaker.
31 Steve Parry
Net gains for politicians.
PLUS: Polyp's Big Bad World cartoon.

Features
32 A rightwing spiral
Dominik Sipiński reports on the rise of a nationalist Poland.

Mixed Media
34 Film reviews
Dheepan, directed by Jacques Audiard; The Measure of a Man, directed by Stéphane Brizé; Our Little Sister, directed by Kore-eda Hirokazu.
35 Music reviews
Forever Is 4 You by Malawi Mouse Boys; Wa Di Yo by Lakou Mizik.
36 Book reviews
Angry White People by Hsiao-Hung Pai; A Girl in Exile by Ismail Kadare; The Egyptians: A Radical Story by Jack Shenker; How Did We Get Into This Mess? by George Monbiot.
PLUS: Also out there...

Regulars
4 Letters
Assange must answer; Australian gulag; change strategy.
5 David Ransom remembered
A tribute to a much-loved colleague and friend.
26 Country Profile: Brazil
38 And Finally
Comedian Shazia Mirza reveals her inspirations, fears and political passions.


この号のご購入はNIジャパンウェブショップからどうぞ。
定期購読はこちらからお申し込み下さい。

バックナンバーリスト

 

Back Number List